Year 1 Module BACM102, Year 1 Module BACM104

SWFTA ‘Attitudes and Platitudes’ Film

SWFTA Project Plan

Use other people’s voices to tell your story.

Layout of video:

In chapters (chapter 1 “we fought for this”; chapter 2 “you fought for this”; chapter 3 “you worked for this”; chapter 4 “we are still fighting for this” etc.)

Freedom of speech definition:

“Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or legal sanction.”

“Everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference”

Freedom of the press definition:

“Freedom of the press is the right to circulate opinions in print without censorship by the government.”

What is your message?

That freedom of speech is a right every person should have, and freedom of the press is a right everyone deserves. No government should ever interfere with these two basic rights, and we as citizens should never let these rights slip away from us; but even though we have fought for them in the past, we are in fact letting them slip away.

What is my view/thoughts?

That everyone has a right to say what they want within reason. Everyone has a right to debate. Everyone deserves to be told the unbiased truth by the newspapers.

Footage ideas:

  • War – news on war, battle of Britain, troops fighting.
  • Adverts from around 1980: Generic advertisements (Coca Cola?)
  • News idents. (BBC, ITV etc.)
  • Aftermath footage of cleanup from German Blitz on London. (To show resilience of British people)
  • Civil war – IRA news footage.
  • Clips of reporting on war.
    • “We fought for this”
    • Fighting for freedom of speech.
  • Active demonstration.
  • Effort to gain freedom of speech.
  • Movements – Poll tax riots.
    • Victims of both sides
    • “I Disapprove of What You Say, But I Will Defend to the Death Your Right to Say It”
    • “We fought for this”
    • CND march 1983
  • Debating clips/political debates
  • Public opinion clips.
  • Miniskirts/high heels controversy
  • Posters; newspaper headlines
    • National secrets in newspapers/TV.
    • Too much freedom?
  • Old movies; old adverts
    • (sexist/racist undertones)
  • Hate crimes
    • Hate preachers footage.
  • Crowd dispersal.

When does freedom of speech become incitement of hatred?

Summary:

I visualise the beginning of my footage showing various scenes of demonstration to introduce the idea of freedom of speech.

To follow on from the introduction, I would like to show: interviews of the public; the public in a studio environment answering questions; and professional people in a studio answering questions as a panel, further showing how everyone is entitled to a difference of opinion.

Evelyn Beatrice Hall was quoted as saying “I Disapprove of What You Say, But I Will Defend to the Death Your Right to Say It”. After this I would like to show: tolerance to other people’s views; videos highlighting both sides of the argument or opinion, finishing off/summarising with footage of crowds dispersal.

SWFTA Diary:

05/11/2018

We visited the SWFTA archives today as a class. We were shown around, and met some of the staff including Jilly who we will be corresponding with during this project. The visit helped me work out what direction I wanted to go down with my SWFTA video: freedom of the press.

08/11/2018

We discussed SWFTA during our Thursday afternoon session with Chris, and I now want to widen my video to be about “freedom of speech” and “freedom of the press” as both go hand-in-hand.

09/11/2018

Today was my first proper visit to the archives where I had a chance to check out some of the footage and get an idea of what is available. I spent a good hour with Jilly, and I learnt that the South West archives do not have footage from the World Wars due to it being under Crown copyright. This meant I had to re-think some of my ideas as I wanted to have a lot of war clips, and clips of soldiers returning from war.

This visit also allowed me to discover some other footage which could fit into the ‘freedom of speech/press’ video, with one being of people’s reactions to women wearing the newly in-fashion mini-skirts and high heels.

I returned to the university with Stephen after the visit, where we organised our ideas onto word documents and lists. I also started to think into how I would edit my video, and at the moment I want to edit mine in the style of Quentin Tarantino – in sections/chapters. For example, chapter one would be “you fought for this”, followed by footage of soldiers and post-war damage. Chapter two would be “we fought for this”, followed by footage of riots etc.

Jilly informed me of this useful site which will help me research footage in my own time –  https://player.bfi.org.uk/search/free?q

16/11/2018

I met up with Tom in college today to discuss the SWFTA project. We sat in the library Mac suite, where Tom gave me his thoughts on what I had written, and added in his own ideas to the Word document I created for the project. It was very useful to hear some of his suggestions as it was things I hadn’t really thought into, and it was also really good to get a second pair of eyes to proof-read what I had written.

At the moment, we are very close to having a finished list of what we want that we can send into Jilly. Tom also thought of a really cool idea of editing the video in a way that makes it look like a news broadcast that is then taken off the air by the TV network, with the sentence “returning to scheduled programming” appearing on the screen. However, as we will have to edit our videos separately I will stick with my chapter idea.

18/11/2018

I have just finalised the list of footage, and sent an email to Jilly and Chris informing them. Tom and I have asked to go down to the archives on Friday at 2:30 PM to collect the footage on a hard drive so we can start editing.

24/11/2018

Tom, Stephen and I visited the Archives today. The trip was for Tom and me, but Stephen joined us so he could get another look at what footage is available. It ended up being useful having Stephen with us as he gave me a few ideas, and we also decided to share each other’s footage for our respective videos.

We sat with Jilly for two hours going through her list, picking out clips that we thought had potential and would fit our SWFTA videos. We kept referring back to the list Tom and I put together as well, but in the end I think it was better just looking at Jilly’s lists and picking out footage.

Overall, it was a fairly successful trip as we came out with 137 GB of footage, but I do think I’ll need to re-think my edit as I couldn’t get a lot of the clips I envisioned originally.

25/11/2018

I finished my soundtrack today for the ‘Sound Piece’ task. It started out as me just wanting to do an atmospheric piece, but as I progressed further with this task I definitely worked out that I’d be using it for my SWFTA video.

26/11/2018

After getting back from university, I decided to look through the BFI website for some more clips, preferably ones that are more specific to my video and to my ideas. I actually found 7-8 really good clips for my video, which I’ve requested off Jilly and should hopefully get them on Monday the 3rd.

The clips I requested are:

  • Bideford Shipbuilding (1978)
  • Textile Factory in Redruth (1975)
  • Pre Fab Chudleigh (1964)
  • The Blessing of the Sea Ceremony (1969)
  • Chipmunk Aerobatics (1950)
  • John Doyle in Torquay (1971)
  • Royal Navy Aircraft Carrier HMS Invincible off Falmouth (1980)

30/11/2018

We listened to each other’s soundtrack projects today during the Friday Crit session. It was really good to get everyone thoughts and feelings on my ‘Freedom’ soundtrack I did, including Larry Sider. I got the responses I was looking for; most comments were that it was eerie, tense and had them feeling uneasy. Jon said it would fit a montage of old war clips, which is perfect! It’s made me think about my video a little more, and how I’ll decide to edit it. At the moment, I’m waiting until I have all my footage before I think any more into the edit.

06/12/2018

I collected the extra footage I wanted from Jilly today, and I’m now ready to start editing.

07/12/2018

My soundtrack I made for the ‘Sound Piece’ task was longer than two minutes, so I spent this evening cutting it down in FL Studio. I also cut down Reagan’s speech, mainly the bits where he mentioned or indirectly mentioned the USA. I then added in a really good speech by Winston Churchill. It took a while to do as cutting it down and keeping it sounding ‘right’ wasn’t easy, but it turned out great I think.

Arguably, the last time Britain was truly united was under Winston Churchill and that is why I decided to add him in. Using Reagan stirred up some interesting responses and leaving him in adds to the video in my opinion.

09/12/2018

I’ve now started the editing process. I spent today going through all the footage I have and cut out the bits that would fit my video. This was a big task as I have around 50 clips, but I managed it and I was then left with 17 minutes of footage on my timeline. I finished off the day by cutting those 17 minutes down to 10 minutes, and will continue editing on Tuesday.

10/12/2018

Some notes from my phone:

  • Get footage of someone talking to camera, and then put Reagan’s speech as text at the bottom. Guy slowly walks towards camera.
  • For each part of the speech, such as “we must defend it”, intercut with footage of protesters etc.
  • “I’ve been John Smith with the BBC News at 10”.

11/12/2018

I’ve done a lot more editing today. The video is now the required two minutes, and I’ve edited the footage to match the music. There isn’t much more to do now, just more tweaks, plus the starting and ending DMP/SWFTA cards we’re required to add to the video.

I didn’t go for the chapter idea in the end as I felt it didn’t match up with the music. However, the video was structured mostly in the chapter style, with war clips at the start, followed by post-war clips, followed by police and protester clips etc.

12/12/2018

The video is now finally done. I made a few more tweaks which were:

  • Matching clips to Reagan’s and Churchill’s speeches.
  • Added in the DMP/SWFTA cards.
  • Intro effected to match start of music.
  • Crop effect to make video look like it was all shot on old film.

The video also ended up being more about freedom as whole. It was hard to be specific to freedom of the press and freedom of speech with the footage I had available to me, but I think the video worked out better in the end.

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Year 1 Module BACM104

Who produces soundtracks for moving image in the South West?

https://jakebasten.co.uk/#aboutme

How does music help create audience relationships with the media?

Quite simply, if you like what you’re hearing, you are bound to like what you’re seeing as well. An irritating song in an advert isn’t always going to make you like or want to buy the product, no matter how good that product is.

Drawing on the discussions on Foley, sound, soundscapes, soundtracks and music from the last few weeks with Chris, Andy and Larry Snider, it is clear to see the impact audio can have on the audience. For example, Foley has this incredible power to immerse the audience in the media. Soundscapes can pull the audience into the space of the media. Soundtracks can bring out feelings of happiness, sadness, tension, terror and everything in between. Music can complement moving images and bring out more feelings in the viewer. All these create a relationship between viewer and media.

The two most important senses in media is hearing and seeing; they work in tandem with each other. It is difficult to remove one from the other. A recent example of something similar, and which can back up, this point was during our conversation with Larry Snider last week. He stated that once he heard a mistake in the audio for one of his student’s pieces of work, he could not focus on the actual video itself. The relationship between viewer the and the media had been lost in the first few seconds.

Arguably, audio can be more important than what you see; it can have a greater effect on you. This explains why people are so afraid of the dark. You don’t see anything in the dark, it’s what you hear that scares you.

Year 1 Module BACM104

What makes a successful creative agency?

Definition of a creative agency: “A creative agency, in a beautifully-designed nutshell, is a company that spends its days crafting creative work for brands and fellow businesses. Whether this work is digital – designing things for online such as websites or graphic illustrations; print – designing book covers or CD artwork for example; or advertising – delivering PR campaigns and (you guessed it) adverts – each agency has its own skill-set and can do some or all of the above.”

“It is a company that offers a combination of strategy, design, technology and advertising services to clients.”

A successful creative agency is one that has a high-quality and an in depth portfolio. This will essentially be the face, or book cover, of the business and will be the deciding factor for most clients who are dithering about what agency to use. Second, a creative agency has to have high values. They have to value happy clients and employees, creativity, honesty, passion, enthusiasm and communication. Clients won’t be attracted to an agency that gives off the impression that they care more about profit than anything else. Third, a creative agency should be like a well-oil machine. Team work definitely makes the dream work, and having a team that functions well together and are efficient is very necessary.

Compare and review two creative agencies in the UK

https://www.bewonderful.co.uk/

https://www.ab-uk.com/

Year 1 Module BACM104

“Bloodbath” – Philip Tatton (Fine Art)

Bloodbath

Last Friday morning (9/11/2018) a Fine Art student came up to me asking for my help in editing a project he was set to film the following Monday. I told him I’d talk to the Digital Media class to see if anyone was interested, and in the end me and Ceri decided to help him out.

Me and Ceri met up with Philip this morning so we could start the editing process. It was a very interesting video and was very fun to work on with Ceri. I can’t talk about the concept unfortunately, as Philip would like to keep it confidential, but I can talk about the set up and editing. Their shoot had a set up of three cameras, each with a different angle of course. Some were close-up shots, others were side views of the bath (like the above picture) and the remaining angle was a front view of each actor. Editing together three different cameras and syncing up the audio to them was definitely very cool, and I think sets us up well on our own future projects with DMP.

It was also awesome to get a taste of what being an editor would be like. Philip was sitting behind me and Ceri, directing us on what he wanted. It definitely felt as if we were working with a client, and practising being under that pressure of someone watching everything you’re doing was valubale experience, especially for me as it is something I’ve always been concerned about with editing as I’m not very confident.

It was also interesting to colloborate with someone from a different discipline. It was cool to hear his point of views and ideas concerning the video, and the way he very much had a rhythm for the video. He was counting the length of each clip like a metronome, and then told us he had a background in music. I think it was also equally interesting for him to hear points of views from filmaker’s points of views, and definitely loved our contributions to the video.

Overall, it was a very fun project to work on.

20181113_150401

20181113_161254

Year 1 Module BACM104

What makes good presentation for text/images?

After this past week, I would say Adobe InDesign is one of the best pieces of software for presenting text/images. Its main function is to “create works such as posters, flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers, presentations, books and ebooks.” All these types of media are based around mixing text and images together to create something that is appealing and that catches the eye.

I would also go further to say that programs such as Photoshop can also create good presentation using text and images. Photoshop can manipulate images to make them very eye-catching, and can add quite good-looking text. But, I would say after this week that it definitely works hand-in-hand with InDesign due to the text being a lot crisper as InDesign is a vector-based program. Using these two together can really create excellent results.

What digital media design agencies exist in the South West?

What is digital media design?

“Digital media designers are generally trained in motion graphics, screenwriting, video editing, digital audio production and video production. While some graphic design lessons can be taught to digital media designers, most of these professionals are versed in animation or motion graphics of some kind.”

Year 1 Module BACM104

What are industry standards for photography?

Standards for photography can be quite broad and vary from source to source. For example, the minimum standards for stock image websites can be different to the expectations of a magazine. Therefore, for this task I will look at the standards from several different sources so we can get an idea of what a photographer has to think about depending on his/her particular project at the time of taking photos.

Stock image websites:

The following three selected stock image sites combined will cover most of what should be considered when working on images that are intended to be uploaded to a stock image site.

Alamy –

  • For file type, JPEG files are only accepted.
  • Alamy states that the file size should be between 24MB and 48MB.
  • The bit depth is 8 Bit.
  • Image mode is RGB.

Shutterstock –

  • In terms the dimensions, all images must be at least 4 MP (megapixels), but 5 MP and above (with the quality set at the highest) is preferred. Megapixels refer to the dimensions of an image, thus 2000 x 24000 pixels (which equals 4.8 megapixels) is acceptable.
  • The preferred file format is JPEG.
  • A sRGB colour profile is preferred as well.

Pixabay –

  • Pixabay states that images must have at least 3,000 pixels on their longer side for the dimensions. This mean 3928 x 3000 is acceptable, but higher resolution images are preferred. Pixabay also states that upscaling a small image to fit these requirements should be avoided too.
  • Pixabay does not go into detail on things such as colour profile or files formats like Shutterstock does, but does state some visual requirements. It states “any image on Pixabay must have a well-defined subject, clear focus, and compelling colours. Unintentional blurriness, extreme angles or crookedness, chromatic aberration, JPEG compression artefacts, and image noise must be avoided – just like any kind of embedded text, particularly time stamps, signatures and logos.”

Magazines:

  • Resolution – 300ppi (pixels per inch) is typical. This can depend on the magazine.
  • Dimensions – This will depend on the usage intent. For example, for a double page (A3) the dimensions would be 3508 x 4961. For half a page (A5), it would be 1748 x 2480.
  • Format –
  • Colour space – RGB or CMKY.

Social media:

Facebook –

  • Profile picture dimensions should be 180 x 180.
  • Cover photo dimensions should be 820 x 312, with a minimum of 400 x 150.
  • Shared image dimensions should be 1,200 x 630.

Twitter –

  • Profile picture dimensions should be 400 x 400.
  • Cover photo dimensions should be 1,500 x 500.
  • In-Stream photo dimensions should be 440 x 220.

Instagram –

  • Profile picture dimensions should be 110 x 110.
  • Photo sizes should be 1080 x 1080.
  • Instagram stories should be 1080 x 1920.

What companies specialise in cinemagraph production?

Here’s a list of companies/people that produce cinemagraphs:

Moreover, stock image websites such as Shutterstock and Pond5 also have stock cinemagraphs. Galleryreplay.com specialises in cinemagraphs exclusively as well (https://www.gallereplay.com/).

Year 1 Module BACM104

What are industry standards for audio?

The minimum industry standards for audio are:

  • 48kHz – Sample Rate
    • The sample rate is the amount of sample points per second; in other words, the number of times per second information about a sound is being captured. The more samples taken per second will mean a more accurate digital representation of the sound. Nyquist theorem states that the sampling rate must be at least twice as large as the highest frequency you want to capture, but the standard for film and TV is 48kHz.
  • 24 bit – Bit Depth
    • After audio signals gets sampled during recording, they then get quantized. This is the process of ‘rounding off’ between samples; the higher the bit depth means less rounding off and a more accurate digital recording of the sound is recorded, the lower the bit depth will mean a less accurate digital recording of the sound is recorded and thus more digital noise will be present. A 24-Bit depth allows us to manipulate the sound without losing quality.
  • .WAV format
    • .WAV is an uncompressed format, meaning the recording is reproduced without any loss of audio quality. .WAV is also easy to process and edit, and also allows us to listen to audio with samples rates of up to 192 kHz and bit depths of 24.

What Audio production companies exist in the UK?